Dysbiosis (also called dysbacteriosis) is a term for a microbial imbalance or maladaptation on or inside the body, such as an impaired microbiota.
Typical microbial colonies found on or in the body are normally benign or beneficial. These beneficial and appropriately sized microbial colonies carry out a series of helpful and necessary functions, such as aiding in digestion. They also help protect the body from the penetration of pathogenic microbes. These beneficial microbial colonies compete with each other for space and resources.
The gut microbiome is an ecosystem of microbes that need to exist in a harmonious balance for you to feel well. We have a symbiotic relationship with these microbes, and when they’re thrown off balance it can cause all sorts of discomfort.
An example of a type of dysbiosis is candida overgrowth, which happens when the fungus candida overtakes other microbes. While you always have some candida in your gut, if you have too much it can cause a white film on your tongue, brain fog, and many other symptoms.
Dysbiosis has been associated with numerous health conditions and should be taken very seriously. Dysbiosis can also lead to leaky gut.